In India now a days everybody talk about education. Everybody tell that education is main thing for development of education. Right. Our state governments and Central government also talk about providing education to all people. They announces new institutes for higher education, also improved various physical facilities to governments schools and colleges.
But the Main question is, all these step are sufficient? Will it really benefit society? Many says “of course, yes”. But also some people including me will tell “No”.
Why “No”? Answer can be given by another question ” whether we want to provide Quality education or Quantity Education?”. By starting new institutes and providing physical falsities may increase quantity but not improve quality. Here is the example from “Gujarat Model”. There is one government village school in eastern tribe area of Gujarat. The School has total 8 standards. All classes have separate classrooms. Government also provide facility of mid-day mill and purified water to students. School has wide ground, separate toilets for girls and boys, means all necessary amenities.School also has computers as well as facility of distance learning or e-class. But the major problem is number of teachers. Government opens new schools to nearby area of village for students who live their. Result is that the number students per standard is decrease in the school. But government has rule for teacher to student ratio. So this 8 standard school has only 5 teachers. Out of 5 teachers, two teachers are work for government works like electorate roll correction and counting of people etc. The question is how 5 teachers can handle 8 standards? with each standard has different syllabus. How one teacher can two syllabus in two standards at the same time? Will student get quality education?
The second thing which stops quality education is syllabus in different universities and boards.Most the syllabus are politically influenced. some times the update of syllabus became center of scams. Those who design syllabus are highly paid peoples. They may be really intelligent. but actually they perform their duty seriously? Most of the times syllabus are copied from other universities without thinking much. Some times instead of including latest technology and events in syllabus, they make syllabus small and easy to pass the maximum number of students. In this circumstances how a student can get quality education?
Teachers in private institution are paid less as compare to government institutes and forced to work more. So they apply sort-cuts in duty. Like on-paper they show all work good but actually they not doing the work. same thing they do in checking answer sheets of exam. They are paid per answer sheet to examine. So to earn more they check more answer sheet and not consider quality of answer but quantity of answer and the students who write movie scripts are also passed in exams.
Many times a government rules also become the cause of low quality education. One of the rule is, teacher can not fail any student in primary school. So if student can’t able to even read or write anything can pass. So if child enroll in school then without learning anything he/she can complete primary eduction. Of course the percentage of literacy increase. But actually how many people learn?
Reservation is also one of the reason to stop supply of good teachers. If any general category candidate get 59% in eligibility test then he not eligible to become teacher,but if reserve category candidate get 55% then also he become eligible to become teacher. We need to think who can provide better education?
At last we must understand that quantity eduction just increase the “literate unemployment.” Is it better than “illiterate unemployment”?