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Definition of Secularism and How “So Called Seculars” contradicts their own views!

              Now days we are come to hear that secular and socialist fabric is in danger in India. “So called Seculars” says NDA government is in communal and not treats minority well. But as per my personal view many people need to understand what is secularism and socialism first.

               Here, I am going to present some facts, various definitions of secularism and views of various people on socialism. Also I will try to put some facts that how “so called Seculars” contradicts their own views on secularism.

               First, I will start from the preamble of Indian constitution. Here are the some text of preamble which I get from WIKIPEDIA.

WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN, SOCIALIST, SECULAR, DEMOCRATIC, REPUBLIC, and to secure to all its citizens:

JUSTICE, social, economic and political;

LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;

EQUALITY of status and of opportunity;

and to promote among them all

FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;

IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.[1]

 

The Important thing is this is not the exact text adopted in November,1949. But this is the amended preamble. The preamble is only once amended in 1976 during the “emergency” in the 42 amendment of the Indian constitution. And the words like “Secular, Socialist, and integrity” were added through amendment. [1]

Now, we see the views of Mahatma Gandhi on religion and secularism.

He believes that The State would look after secular welfare, health, communications, foreign relations, currency, and so on, but not your or my religion. That is everybody’s personal concern.”[2] That means state has no right to interfere in views of any citizens related to religion, whether he is HINDU or MUSLIM or CHRISTIAN. It also suggests that any government scheme or policy should not be based on any religion or help to particular religion.

So, any state or central government shouldn’t make religion specific schemes or shouldn’t not give reservation on the basis of religion, which Congress/NCP government tried to do in Maharashtra. Also, on the state resources all citizens of India should have equal right irrespective of their religion. While former PM Manmohan Singh on 9 DEC 2006 in 52 meeting of National Development Council said that “We will have to devise innovative plans to ensure that minorities, particularly the Muslim minority, are empowered to share equitably the fruits of development. These must have the first claim on resources”. [3]. This contradicts their own idol M.K. Gandhi’s view.

For Mahatma Gandhi, Secularism meant:

“All subjects would thus be equal in the eyes of the law. But every single individual would be free to pursue his own religion without let or hindrance so long as it did not transgress the common law. What [M.K. Gandhi] wished India to do, was to assure liberty of religious profession to every single individual.” [2][4]

               This means what Narendra Modi and Hamid Ansari did on wearing              skull cap and lightning lamp respectively was not communal at all, which actually claimed communal by different sections of people at time.

               Here are some reactions of people when Narendra Modi didn’t wear skull cap:

To run the country, you have to take everyone along… at times you will have to wear a topi (cap), at times a tilak (vermillion mark on the forehead).” : Nitish Kumar (CM of Bihar) [5] And the same Nitish Kumar refuses to take skull cap, shawl from Muslims and also refuse to Cover Head at Patna Gurudwara.

“By not wearing the skull cap, he is sending an unmistakable signal to his hard core supporters that he will not cater to the needs of this community. He never misses an opportunity to signal his bias and bigotry to the nation.” : Shashi Tharur [6] The same Tharur said “Engineer defended the right of Muslim women to wear a burqa, but out of choice, not coercion. He spoke for both culture & freedom, Empowerment. ” (write on his Facebook status)

               As per Jawaharlal Nehru Secular nation means there should be clear separation of religion and Politics which quite near to the western secularism. Nehru gave more importance to the ideas growing out of the Enlightenment, such as rational inquiry and scientific temper. Historians have suggested that he wanted a complete divide between religion and politics.

               Contradicts to Nehru’s Idea of Secularism, Gandhi believed that “every activity of man must be derived from his religion.” He said “Many of my political friends despair of me because they say even my politics are derived from religion. And they are right. My politics and all other activities of mine are derived from my religion. I go further and say that every activity of a man of religion must be derived from his religion, because religion means being bound to God, that is to say God rules your every breath” [2]

              In November 2014, Sonia Gandhi said “Nehru’s idea of secularism a must for country like India.” But in April 2014, she met shahi Imam when campaigns for LS election are running and demands appeal the Imam to demand “Secular” votes for congress. So we can say that Sonia Gandhi either not aware of Nehru’s idea of secularism or just use Nehru and secularism for only political gain.

Through, Nehru and Gandhi’s secularism contradicts each other, Political parties’ claims that they believe in “Nehru and Gandhi’s idea of secularism” and following it.

Finally for me, What I leaned and believe about secularism is “An individual person or group should have all right to follow their religion/faith, perform their religious rituals but that must not harm/insult others faith/religion, freedom and most important it must be as per law.”

Author: Tejash Patel (@Tejash__P)

References:

[1] Wikipedia, Article: Preamble to the Constitution of India

[2] GEORGE KARUVELIL, “GANDHI ON RELIGION IN PUBLIC LIFE”, Chapter-III

[3] Times of India, 9 DEC 2006 edition

[4] Speech at Narkeldanga, August 17, 1947, CW, 89, pp. 56-7

[5] NDTV website, September 20, 2013

[6] The New Indian Express, 19 April 2014 Edition

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Posted by on 17 જુલાઈ 2015 in ENGLISH, tejash patel

 

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Why Different Religions?

           Recently, after riots at various places, Peoples discuss more about religion and compare with them. Most of the people finds differences between various religions and try to prove their religion superior then others.Very few tries to find similarity between them and I, one of them.

           When we try to find similarity between them what comes first in mind? The Gods of different religions. Hindus have 33 crore gods, Muslims believes in Allah and Christians have Jesus. The common thing between them is, all religions believe that the whole universe is controlled by one super element and we should praise it. Each religion gives it separate name, each has a different method to praise it.

           The second common thing between all the religion is how they identify a person. All religions identify a person by his/her deeds and not by his/her birth. They gave importance to character and deeds of person rather than his/her birth or “KUL”. Can we say a person is Jain or Buddha if he/she believes in cruelty, even if he born in Jain/Buddha family? The answer is simply NO. Can we say a person is Muslim if he drinks in Ramzan? No. what it shows? only the deeds of the person decides his religion and not his family or birth.

          The third aspect which is common between all the religion is the reason behind the establishment of any religion. The reason is common and that ” to do something good for this universe”. nothing else. The question arise is that what is the need of so many religions? The answer is thoughts of people. Different people have different thoughts. Like most of the Hindus believes in worship of idols. But Muslims didn’t. Like that Christians have a different method for worship. So people follow different religions as per their thoughts.

            The fourth thing that is common between most of them is birth of super element. People believes that god comes to earth to end the rule of evil and establish peace.

             After observing these all thing we should think why we want that everybody should follow our religion. If we follow these things, aren’t we follow different religion simultaneously? Aren’t our friends from other religion follow our religions? If Salman khan celebrate Ganesha Chaturthi and Id both then which religion he follows, Hindu or Islam? Many Hindus often visit Dargah, and mosque. I personally know them. Like wise Many Muslims visit temples. It means they didn’t follow their religion? I am Hindu but not visit temple Daily, does it mean I am not Hindu?

          Doesn’t understand why people force others to follow their religion when even they themselves follows different religions. Most of the people (Not all) who change their religion not knowing facts about their past and future religions. They only change their religion to get something given by people or saints of their future religions.

            What is the meaning of secularism?

A. Follow all religion. Like wear CAPS which Muslim wears. Wear saree which Hindu women wear and celebrate 31 December?

or

B.  Let follow our religion without disturbing others to follow their religion?

If we understand true meaning of religion and secularism there is no riots anywhere.

Author: TEJASH PATEL

 
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Posted by on 16 નવેમ્બર 2013 in ENGLISH, tejash patel

 

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